Uterine Cancer - Types and Treatments
Uterine cancer is a malignant tumor which begins in the cells of the uterus. The cancer can grow into or destroy the surrounding tissues associated with reproductive system.
Types of Uterine Cancer
There are 2 key types of Uterine Cancer. Such as:
Sarcoma- Sarcoma is a type of Uterine Cancer that affects the nearby tissues of the uterine gland or in the myometrium i.e. the uterine muscle. This particular cancer accounts for around 2-4% of the all uterine cancers.
Adenocarcinoma- This type of uterine cancer accounts to approximately 80 percent of the uterine cancers. Adenocarcinoma typically starts from the cells present in the lining of the uterus also known as endometrium.
Symptoms of Uterine Cancer
Some of the common Uterine Cancer symptoms include:
- Unexpected weight loss
- Persistent fatigue
- Swollen leg
- Unusual vaginal bleeding
- Vaginal discharge colored along with blood
- Bloated belly
- Frequent bathroom breaks
- Pain in abdominal and pelvis area
- Chronic nausea or indigestion
- Loss of appetite
Uterine Cancer treatment and therapy options
Uterine Cancer treatment varies depending on the size and type of tumor, the patient’s age, and other health issues.
Some of the Uterine Cancer treatment includes:
Surgery- Surgery involves the removal of patient’s uterus or surrounding tissues. This is considered the first treatment to be given to a patient with uterine cancer. If the tumor spreads among other organs like ovaries, fallopian tube or other parts of vagina, then doctor may also choose to remove those parts.
Radiation Therapy- Under radiation therapy, oncologists generally use high-intensity X-rays to destroy or kill the cancer cells. A radiation therapy schedule comprises of a particular number of treatment given over a period of time. External-beam radiation therapy is the most common type of radiation treatment for uterine cancer!
Chemotherapy- Under this treatment, multiple medications are given to the patient either intravenously or mouth, which destroy the cancer cells. Chemotherapy is normally given to a cancer patient after surgery.
Hormone therapy- This particular therapy slows down the growth of some sorts of uterine cancer cells. Under the hormone therapy for uterine cancer, the high dose of sex hormones progesterone is given as medication.
Can Uterine Cancer be cured?
The different treatments for uterine cancer shrink the tumor and slow down its growth. Whether you have chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery, it can take years to cure the cancer disease completely.