Thyroid Cancer – Types and Treatments

Thyroid cancer is the condition that affects the thyroid gland, which is a small-size gland present at the base of neck and involves in the formation of hormones. This particular cancer is normally treatable and in certain conditions it can be cured entirely. But, sometimes the tumor can occur again even after the treatment.

Types of Thyroid cancer

There are only four common types of thyroid cancer. Such as:
Papillary thyroid cancer- Papillary thyroid grow gradually and affects lymph nodes in the neck. This is the most general type of thyroid cancer, attributing for 70%-80% of all thyroid cancers. It can arise at any age.
Follicular thyroid cancer- This type of cancer accounts for around 10% -15% of all thyroid cancers. It mainly affects women and middle age adults
Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC)- MTC accounts for only 2 percent of all thyroid cancers. This cancer is the counted among the most aggressive thyroid cancers and arises from C cells in the thyroid gland. Medullary thyroid carcinoma cancer spreads to lymph nodes and other organs. It also releases high level of carcinoembryonic antigen and calcitonin.
Anaplastic carcinoma- It is also an aggressive type of cancer which speedily spreads to the neck and other parts of body. Anaplastic carcinoma arises in around 2 % of all thyroid cancer cases.

Symptoms of Thyroid cancer

Some of the common ovarian cancer symptoms include:

  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Sore throat for longer time
  • Swollen glands in the neck
  • Swelling in the front of neck or painless lump
  • Pain in the neck or throat
  • Hoarseness
  • Constant coughing problem
  • Trouble in breathing

Thyroid cancer treatment and therapy options

Thyroid cancer treatment varies depending on the size, stage, and type of tumor, patient’s age and other health issues. Some of the thyroid cancer treatment includes:
Surgery- Surgery involves the removal of thyroid glands lobe along with the cancerous nodule during operation. Oncologist also termed it as resection. There are three key surgical techniques used for the treatment of thyroid cancer- endoscopic thyroidectomy, standard thyroidectomy and robotic thyroidectomy
Chemotherapy- Chemotherapy involves the use of medications to destroy the cancer cells. Under this treatment, one drug at a time or blend of multiple drugs is given to the cancer patient at a time.
Radioactive iodine Therapy- When a person suffers from thyroid cancer, thyroid absorbs the whole iodine of his/her body. So, radioiodine therapy is used to kill thyroid cells that have spread the beyond the thyroid.
Hormone therapy- Hormone therapy is generally included in the treatment plan to thwart estrogen from reaching the cancer cells. By preventing the delivery of estrogen, the growth of the cancer cells gets slow down. This therapy includes leuprolide, aromtase inhibitor, goserelin, and tamoxifen.

Can Thyroid cancer be cured?

Thyroid cancer if detected at the early stages can be cured with close follow-up and treatments. But, if it is not diagnosed for years, then the chances of patient’s death are high.

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