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Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of deaths. It occurs when there is an abnormal growth in the lung cells. When there is a disruption in the normal functioning of cell division and growth; it leads to the proliferation of cells which forms a mass known as a tumor. Furthermore, there are two types of tumors: benign and malignant.
Benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body. Malignant tumors are responsible for causing cancer. They spread aggressively in the body. This process of spreading is known as metastasis. People who smoke have a higher chance of having lung cancer. Researchers are seeking new ways to find the cure for lung cancer.
Symptoms of lung cancer
Let’s have a look at some of the symptoms of lung cancer:
- Persistent cough
- Shortness of breath
- Loss of appetite
- Recurring infections
Currently, the following are treatment options for people who are trying to find treatment and the cure for lung cancer:
During the surgery, the surgeon removes the lung cancer. Wedge resection, segmental resection, lobectomy, Pneumonectomy are some of the surgeries performed by the surgeon.
High powered energy beams from sources such as X-rays are used to disrupt the cancer cells. Depending on the severity of your condition, radiation therapy can be done either before the surgery or after the surgery.
Chemotherapy is a technique in which anti- cancer drugs are usually given to the patients for treating cancer. This therapy is given to the patients to slow down or stop the growth of cancer cells. It can be given orally, intravenously, injection or through direct placement.
This therapy focuses on the specific abnormalities present within the cells. The main aim of the targeted therapy is to cause the cancer cells to die.
Our immune system helps in fighting with various diseases. Immunotherapy is a therapy that uses the certain parts of the immune system to fight with this condition. It aims at strengthening the immune system. It can help to provide the cure for lung cancer.
These were some of the important things you should know about lung cancer.