The Cure For Uterine Cancer

Uterine cancer is the condition which starts in the cells of the uterus. In this condition, there is abnormal growth in the cells of the uterus. Obese women have a higher chance of having uterine cancer. People with high blood pressure and diabetes also are at an increased risk of having this condition. Uterine cancer can be diagnosed with a pelvic exam, ultrasound and biopsy. Researchers are finding better treatments which can help in the cure of uterine cancer.

Symptoms:

 

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Pain while urination
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pain during sexual intercourse

 

Treatment

Let’s take a look at some of the treatments that are currently being used in the cure for uterine cancer.

Radiation therapy:

During this treatment, high-powered energy beams are used to damage the cancer cells. There are two types of radiation therapy: external radiation therapy and internal radiation therapy. The type of radiation therapy depends on the severity of the condition.

Chemotherapy

It is a treatment in which drugs are used to stop the growth of cancer cells. The drugs are injected into the veins or taken through the mouth. Drugs enter the bloodstream and reach the entire body. The type of the chemotherapy given depends on the stage and the type of uterine cancer.

Hormone therapy

This is done to slow down the growth of uterine cells. During the hormone therapy, a high amount of progesterone is given to the patient. Hormone-expressing intrauterine devices (IUDs) and the aromatase inhibitors (AIs), such as anastrozole (Arimidex), letrozole (Femara), and exemestane (Aromasin) are used. An AI is a drug that is used to reduce the amount of hormone estrogen by stopping tissues and organs from producing this hormone. This treatment is mostly given to the women patients who cannot have the surgery or the radiation therapy.

Surgery

 

Hysterectomy

In this procedure, the surgeon removes the uterus and the cervix. Radical hysterectomy is done to remove the uterus, cervix and the upper part of the vagina and the nearby tissues.

Lymphadenectomy:

During this procedure, the surgeon removes the lymph nodes near the tumor. In some cases, sentinel lymph node biopsy is done which involves an injection of the dye into the uterus during the hysterectomy and removal of the few lymph nodes.

Although not exhaustive this is a list of some of the treatments that are currently being used to cure the uterine cancer.

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