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Thyroid cancer is a condition which occurs when abnormal cells in your thyroid begin to multiply. It leads to the formation of tumors. The treatment of the thyroid cancer depends on the cause and the severity of the condition. Researchers are constantly working hard to find better treatments to cure the thyroid cancer.
- Lump on your neck
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Pain in your neck and throat
- Swelling of lymph nodes in the neck
Let’s take a look at some of the current treatments that are being used in the cure for thyroid cancer:
During this procedure, the surgeons remove the entire thyroid gland. The surgeons make an incision at the base of the neck to carry out the procedure.
When the surgeons remove only one side (lobe) of the thyroid gland, it refers to thyroid lobectomy. This procedure is done when the thyroid cancer is small.
Lymph nodes removal:
During this procedure, the surgeons remove the enlarged lymph nodes from your neck.
Thyroid hormone therapy:
This is usually done after thyroidectomy to restore the loss of the normal thyroid hormone.
This treatment is done to treat thyroid cancer that recurs after the treatment and spreads to other parts of the body. However, this treatment has certain side-effects such as nausea, fatigue etc.
External radiation therapy:
Radiation therapy can be given externally using a machine that generates high-energy beams. It can also be given after the surgery.
In this treatment, an oncologist gives chemicals to kill the cancer cells of the patients. This therapy can benefit the cancer patients who do not respond to other treatments.
Targeted drug therapy
In this therapy, the oncologist uses specific medications that attack only the abnormal cells.
Here is a list of targeted drugs that can be used in the cure for thyroid cancer.
- Cabozantinib (Cometriq)
- Sorafenib (Nexavar)
- Vandetanib (Caprelsa)
Thyroid cancer is uncommon as compared to other cancers. However, it can be cured if detected on time. Research is being done to find out a better cure for thyroid cancer.