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Bladder cancer is a disease that is more common in men than women. Most patients affected by this disease are over 55 years in age although the common age for diagnosis is 73. Bladder cancer is curable. There are already some methods that exist and research is being carried out to find new and more effective cures for bladder cancer.
Let us look at some cures for bladder cancer:
Robotic cystectomy is being used to perform surgery on patients with bladder cancer. The surgeon makes minor incisions. The surgeon sits at the control panel and surgery is done through robotic arms.
Research is being conducted to find drugs which can be inserted into the bladder to prevent cancer from recurring.
This treatment is being studied at present. In this case, a light-sensitive drug is injected into the blood and allowed to stay in the cancer cells. After this, a laser light is injected in the inner lining with a cystoscope. This light changes the drugs in the cancerous cells and kills them.
This method uses the body’s immune system to fight the disease.
The BCG germ in liquid form is put into the bladder. It attracts the immune cells to the bladder lining which then attack the cancer cells.
Immune checkpoint inhibitors
Cancer cells are sometimes able to avoid the attack by the immune system of the body. Drugs such as atezolizumab(Tecentriq), durvalumab(Imfinzi), etc. have found to counter this effect and shrink cancer cells.
This is still in the research stage. This treatment entails adding or changing actual genes in cancer or other cells of the body. One of the approaches is using special viruses modified in the lab and adding them to the bladder. The bladder cancer cells get infected. At this stage, the virus injects a gene into the cells for GM-CSF. This is an immune system hormone that enables the immune system to fight cancer.
Watch out for the symptoms and get the cure for bladder cancer from a specialist to stay healthy!
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