Testicular Cancer - Types and Treatments
Testicular cancer is a malignant tumor that affects those parts of body which produce the sperm cells and hormone testosterone. This particular cancer affects the younger boys and can be found in 1 out of 263 people.
Types of testicular cancer
There are 2 key types of testicular cancer. Such as:
Seminoma- Seminoma further involves two sub-forms – spermatocytic seminomas and classical seminomas. Spermatocytic seminomas are rare and are found in the men attained the age of 55 years or above. On the other hand, classical seminomas probably occur in the men age ranging from 30 to 50 years.
Non-seminoma- Teratoma, yolk sac carcinoma, embryonal carcinoma and choriocarcinoma are the four key sub-types of non-seminoma. All these sub-types of non-seminoma cancer are basically found among the teenagers and early 40s. It also grows at faster rate as compared to the seminomas.
Symptoms of testicular cancer
Testicular cancer symptoms include:
- Dull Ache in groin or abdomen
- Back pain
- Discomfort or pain in scrotum or testicle
- Tenderness or enlargement of the breasts
- Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- Unexpected collection of liquid in the scrotum
- Enlargement or lump in testicle
Testicular cancer treatment and therapy options
Testicular cancer treatment varies depending on the size and type of tumor, the patient’s age, and other health issues. Some of the testicular cancer treatment includes:
Surgery- Surgery involves the removal of tumor and surrounding tissues. Inguinal orchiectomy also known as radical orchiectomy is the first treatment given to a patient with testicular cancer. This is the best technique to diagnose testicular cancer. Following are the different types of surgeries used for treating testicular cancer:
- Radical inguinal orchiectomy
- Reconstructive surgery after orchiectomy
- Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND)
Radiation Therapy- Under radiation therapy, oncologists generally use high-intensity X-rays to destroy or kill the cancer cells. A radiation therapy schedule comprises of a particular number of treatment given over a period of time. External-beam radiation therapy is the most common type of radiation treatment for uterine cancer!
Chemotherapy- Under this treatment, multiple medications are given to the patient either intravenously or mouth, which destroy the cancer cells. Chemotherapy is normally given to a cancer patient after surgery. The following medications are given to the patient with this particular cancer.
- Cisplatin (Platinol)
- Ifosfamide (Ifosfamidum, Cyfos, Ifex)
- Gemcitabine (Gemzar)
- Etoposide (VePesid, Toposar)
- Vinblastine (Velsar, Velban)
Hormone therarpy- This particular therapy slows down the growth of some sorts of uterine cancer cells. Under the hormone therapy for uterine cancer, the high dose of sex hormones progesterone is given as medication.
Can testicular cancer be cured?
The different treatments for testicular cancer shrink the tumor and slow down its growth. Whether you have chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery, it can take years to cure the cancer disease completely.