Skin Cancer – Types and Treatments

Skin cancer is the unusual growth of skin cells. It generally develops in areas that are exposed to the sun, but it can also found in areas that are not exposed to the sun.

Types of Skin Cancer

There are three major types of skin cancer:
Basal cell carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common form of skin cancer and found in the head and neck. It usually makes skin raised.
Squamous cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma affects in the outer layer of the epidermis. It is more aggressive than basal cell carcinoma and can spread to other body parts if left untreated. It appears as red and rough skin lesions.
Melanoma
Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer, causing about 73 per cent of all skin cancer-related deaths. It occurs in the skin cells that generate pigment.

Symptoms of Skin Cancer

Some of the common skin cancer symptoms include:
Skin lesions:
When new moles, unusual growth, bump, sore, scaly patch, or dark spot develops and doesn’t go away.
Asymmetry:
When the two halves of the mole aren’t even or identical.
Border:
When the lesions have ragged, uneven edges.
Color:
When the spot has an unusual color, such as white, pink, black, blue, or red.
Diameter:
When the spot is larger than one-quarter inch.
Evolving:
When the mole is changing size, color or shape.

Skin Cancer treatment and therapy options available

Surgery
Surgery is considered the most common treatment for removing the tumor. This treatment depends on how large is the lesion and where it is found in the body.
Cryosurgery
In Cryosurgery, skin cancer is frozen. And it is used to treat very small skin cancers.
Laser therapy
Here narrow beam of light is used to cut out a tumor.
Dermabrasion
In Dermabrasion, rough particles are used to rub away the tumor.

Can skin Cancer be cured?

The different treatments for skin cancer shrink a tumor and slow down its growth. Whether you have surgery, dermabrasion or laser therapy, it can take years to cure the cancer disease completely.