Signs and Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is a condition that occurs in the testicles, which are located inside the scrotum. Males aged between 15-35 years are at higher risk of having this condition.

There are two types of testicular cancer:

Seminoma- It is slow-growing cancer and has two sub-types: classical and spermatocytic seminomas. Classical seminoma occurs in men aged between 30 and 50 years. Spermatocytic seminoma occurs in the men of age 55 years and above.
Non-seminoma- Teratoma, yolk sac carcinoma, embryonal carcinoma and choriocarcinoma are four different types of non-seminoma cancer. Non-seminoma is fast-growing cancer and can easily spread to other parts.

Common signs and symptoms of testicular cancer:

Lump and swelling in the testicular:

The early sign of testicular cancer is the lump or swelling in the testicle. The condition can also lead to pain and ache in the lower belly (abdomen) and the scrotum.

Early puberty in boys:

The patients can experience signs of puberty such as deepening of the voice, the growth of facial and body hair etc. at an abnormally early age. This can occur due to androgen-producing tumors.

Symptoms of advanced testicular cancer:

Testicular cancer can spread to other parts of the body if not treated on time. People having advanced testicular cancer may experience the following symptoms:

Low back pain:

If cancer spreads to the lymph nodes, it can lead to low back pain and discomfort.

Shortness of breath:

The patient may experience shortness of breath, chest pain or cough if cancer spreads to the lungs.

Belly pain:

Enlarged lymph nodes and spreading of the cancer to the liver can cause pain in the belly.


Severe headache can be another symptom experienced by the patients suffering from this condition.

Sudden buildup of fluid:

There can be a certain buildup of fluid in the scrotum if you are suffering from testicular cancer.

Risk factors:

  • Abnormal testicle development
  • Family history
  • Age
  • Race

Depending on the severity and type of testicular cancer, the doctor will suggest the most suitable treatment option. It is very important to seek timely treatment to cure the condition.

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