Most of the men who have prostate cancer are unable to detect its any signs or symptoms at early stages as this type of cancer does not show up in the early days. However, the risk of getting prostate cancer is more if:
- The age is over 50 years, or
- Father or brother had prostate cancer.
As the tumor grows it does not push anything due to which pain is caused, hence it is also a reason that disease might remain silent for a long period of time.
Some of the common signs or symptoms of prostate cancer are as follows:
- Frequent urination, especially at night.
- Difficulty in holding back urination.
- Pain or burining sensation during urination.
- Presence of blood in urine or semen.
- The sensation of pain or pressure in the rectum.
- Pain or stiffness in the lower back, pelvis, thighs or hips.
- Urinary tract infection that causes burning pain on urination along with fever.
- Bladder obstruction and pain in the bladder.
- Acute kidney failure.
- Deep bone pain, especially in back, thighs, hips or even bone fracture.
Prostate cancer can also spread to other nearby organs or can even travel through the bloodstream or lymphatic system. One of the most common sites of bone metastasis in the case of prostate cancer is the spine. The pressure from the tumor at the spine eventually results in the compression of the spinal cord.
The common signs that indicate the compression of the spinal cord are as follows:
- Weakness in the legs which can lead to difficulty in walking.
- Increased difficulty in urinating.
- Difficulty in controlling the bladder.
- Decreased sensations and tingling in the groin or legs.
- Pain in hips.
The signs or symptoms of prostate cancer can vary depending on the size of the tumor and its location.
Some of the common signs of metastatic prostate cancer include:
- Erectile dysfunction.
- Swelling and pain in the legs
- Painfull swelling in the pelvic area.
- Numbness or pain in legs, feet, and hips.
- Pain in bones that do not go away.
The signs or symptoms of prostate cancer often differ from patient to patient, however, the first sign that is common in most of the prostate cancer patients is the abnormal rise of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood. The regular PSA tests are important to keep a check on the progress of treatment.