Bladder cancer is one of the most common types of cancer affecting the lives of several people. It is a condition in which there is an abnormal growth in the urothelial cells which line the inside of the bladder. Detecting cancer at an early stage is important to cure bladder cancer completely.
There are different types of bladder cancers:
Urothelial carcinoma: This condition occurs in the cells that line the inner bladder. It is also known as transitional cell carcinoma.
Squamous cell carcinoma: In this condition, there is chronic irritation of the bladder which can be caused due to an infection or from long-term use of a catheter.
Adenocarcinoma: This is a condition that begins in the cells that form the mucus-secreting glands in the bladder.
Signs and Symptoms of Bladder Cancer
It is very important to gain complete knowledge of the signs and symptoms of bladder cancer so that it can be detected at an early stage.
People having bladder cancer may experience the following symptoms:
Blood in urine: One of the most common signs of bladder cancer is blood in the urine.
Irritation while urinating: The patient can experience burning pain or discomfort while urinating.
Frequent urination: Having an urge to urinate more frequently than normal is another sign of bladder cancer. The patient can experience incontinence during this condition.
Pain in the lower abdominal area: When cancer spreads, the patient may experience pain in the lower abdominal area and the lower back.
Weight loss: Unintended weight loss can occur when the condition reaches an advanced stage.
Fatigue: The condition can also cause unusual fatigue and weakness.
Risk factors for bladder cancer
- Drinking water containing arsenic
- Low fluid consumption
- Exposure to harmful chemicals
- Chronic bladder inflammation and irritation
- The family history of bladder cancer
- Exposure to radiations
There are various diagnostic tests which can help to detect cancer. Urine tests, cystoscopy, biopsy are some of the tests that can help to detect bladder cancer. The doctor may also recommend CT Scan, MRI, PET, Ultrasound etc, for diagnosing this condition.
Depending on the type and severity of the condition, the doctor recommends suitable treatment options. Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy are some of the treatment options for bladder cancer.