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Prostate Cancer – Types and Treatments

Prostate cancer occurs in a small walnut-shaped gland called prostate which is present in men that produces the seminal fluid which nourishes and transports sperm.

Types of Prostate Cancer

There are various types of Prostate cancer:
Acinar adenocarcinoma
Adenocarcinomas are cancers that develop in the gland cells which are aligned with the prostate gland. Nearly everyone with prostate cancer has this type.
Ductal adenocarcinoma
Ductal adenocarcinoma starts in the cells that are aligned with the ducts of the prostate gland. It tends to grow and spread more quickly.
Transitional cell cancer
Transitional cell cancer starts in the cells that connect with the tube carrying urine to the outside of the body. This type of cancer usually begins in the bladder and spreads into the prostate.
Squamous cell cancer
Squamous cell cancer develops from flat cells that cover the prostate. They tend to grow and spread more quickly.
Small cell prostate cancer
Small cell prostate is made up of small round cells.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Some of the common Prostate cancer symptoms include:

  • Trouble urinating
  • Decreased force in the stream of urine
  • Blood in semen
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area
  • Bone pain
  • Erectile dysfunction

Prostate Cancer treatment and therapy options

Radiation therapy:
This treatment uses high-energy beams to kill cancer. It is mostly suitable to old men and for those with other health problems.
Hormone therapy:
Prostate cancer cells need male sex hormones to keep growing. This treatment keeps the cancer cells from obtaining them.
Cryotherapy:
If prostate cancer detected at early stage, then through cryotherapy cancer cells can be killed by freezing them.
Chemotherapy:
Chemotherapy makes use of drugs to shrink or kill prostate cancer cells.

Can Prostate Cancer be cured?

Yes, prostate cancer can be cured, when detected and treated at an early stage.

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