Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is the disease-fighting network that is spread throughout the body. In the case of Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma cancer, the tumor is developed from the lymphocytes; lymphocyte is a type of white blood cell. It is a more common type of cancer than the other general types of lymphoma.
Types of Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma cancer
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a type of cancer when the cancerous lymphocytes are present in the bone marrow or blood. This type of cancer is generally a slow- growing cancer.
Precursor T-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma
Precursor T-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma is found in the thymus and generally occurs when T cells grow and divide abnormally.
Adult T-cell lymphoma
Adult T-cell lymphoma is the most common type of cancer that is caused by the T-cell lymphoma virus type 1. This type of cancer mostly affects the bones and skin.
Symptoms of Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancer
Below are the common symptoms of Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancer:
- Abdominal swelling and pain
- A cough,
- Chest pain,
- Breathing problem,
- Swollen lymph nodes,
- Sudden weight loss,
- Night sweats.
How Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancer can be diagnosed?
In order to diagnose the Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancer, physical exams can be used to check the size as well as the condition of the lymph nodes. However, there are other methods also:
- CT scans,
- PET scans
Treatment option for Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancer
Treatment of Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancer depends on the following factors:
- Patient’s age
- Overall health,
The aggressive forms of Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancer can be treated in the following ways:
Chemotherapy can be either given orally or can be injected. This therapy might also be combined with other treatment methods in order to kill the cancer cells.
In the case of radiation therapy use of high-powered beams to kill cancer cells.
Stem Cell Transplantation
Stem cell transplantation is a method in which healthy cells are transplanted in order to return the healthy cells to the body.