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Leukemia Cancer – Types and Treatments

Leukemia cancer is a condition that begins in the blood forming tissue. It leads to an increased production of abnormal white blood cells.

Different types of Leukemia Cancer

  • Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
  • Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)

First signs of Leukemia Cancer

  • Fever or chill
  • Fatigue or persistent weakness
  • Frequent infections
  • Weight loss
  • Swelling of lymph nodes
  • Recurrent nosebleeds
  • Easy bruising
  • Bone pain and tenderness
  • Excess sweating

Risk factors for Leukemia Cancer

  • A family history of Leukemia cancer
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Exposure to chemicals
  • Smoking

Treatment options for Leukemia Cancer

The doctor will assess the severity and type of cancer and suggest the best treatment option accordingly. Various types of treatment options are as follows:
Chemotherapy: During this therapy, drugs are used to kill leukemia cells. Depending on your condition, the doctor will suggest taking a single drug or a combination of drugs.
Radiation therapy: High energy radiations are used to damage leukemia cells and inhibit their growth. The doctors will apply radiation to the specific area or entire body depending on your condition.
Stem cell transplantation: During this treatment, the doctor replaces the diseased bone marrow with a healthy one. This procedure is also called bone marrow transplant.
Immunotherapy: This therapy aims at strengthening the immune system. It helps in identifying and attacking cancer cells. Certain drugs are used to boost the body’s natural defenses against leukemia.
Targeted Therapy: In this therapy, drugs are used to target specific genes or proteins that cancer cells need to grow. It will help to inhibit the growth of leukemia cells.
Surgery: During the procedure, the surgeons will remove the spleen in case it is filled with cancer cells.

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