Endometrial Cancer - Types and Treatments
Endometrial cancer is the condition that begins in the Uterus. Under this particular cancer, the cells that involves in the formation of endometrium (inner lining) of uterus starts to grow uncontrollably.
Types of endometrial cancer
There are 4 key types of endometrial Cancer. Such as:
Papillary Serous Carcinoma– This type of endometrial cancer is considered antagonistic in nature and return even if diagnosed at early stage. However, the cases of patients suffering from this cancer are rare.
Uterine sarcoma- Under this type of endometrial cancer, the tumor forms in the supporting connective tissues or uterine muscle wall (myometrium). This cancer spreads speedily but till now it is accounted for only five perfect of the endometrial cancer cases.
Endometrial adenocarcinoma- This is the type of endometrial cancer that arises in the glands of endometrium. Endometrial adenocarcinoma is the most common type of cancers associate with uterus. Approximately 80% of the cases of uterine cancer involve adenocarcinomas, and differ in the degree of severity.
Adenosquamous carcinoma– This type of endometrial cancer arises due to the uncontrollable growth of two types of cells gland-like cells and squamous cells. Around 10% of uterine cancer cases comprise adenosquamous carcinoma.
Symptoms of endometrial cancer
Some of the common Endometrial Cancer symptoms include:
- Pelvic pain
- An irregular, blood-tinged or watery discharge from vagina
- Heavy bleeding during periods
- Vaginal bleeding following menopause
- Painful or difficult urination
- Unexpected weight loss
- Pain or weakness in the back, legs or lower abdomen
Endometrial cancer treatment and therapy options
Endometrial Cancer treatment varies depending on the size, stage and type of tumor, patient’s age and other health issues. Some of the Endometrial Cancer treatment includes:
Surgery- Under this treatment for cancer, doctor generally remove patient’s uterus. The procedure is termed as hysterectomy. And, in case the tumor spreads among other organs like ovaries, lymph nodes, fallopian tube or other parts of vagina, then doctor may also choose to remove those parts. Sometimes other treatments like radiation therapy or chemotherapy are also required to prevent the further growth of cancer.
Radiation Therapy- This type of treatment entails exposing cancer cells to high intensity radiations, through needles, catheters, seeds or using machine which passes external radiations through the cancer cells or tissues.
Chemotherapy- Under this treatment, chemicals are given to the patient either intravenously or mouth, which destroy the cancer cells. Sometimes, this can also be placed into the patient’s body cavity or other parts of body.
Hormone therapy- There are some effective medications that can prevent the growth of cancer but only if the cancer gets affected from the hormonal stimulation. Under this treatment for endometrial cancer, high doses of drugs known as progestins are given that reduce the amount of estrogen.
Can endometrial cancer be cured
Endometrial cancer if detected at the early stages can be cured with close follow-up and treatments. But, if it is not diagnosed for years, then the chances of patient’s death are high.