Discoveries in 2018

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Since time has been progressing development in the field of science is taking place. Going through 2018, a year of great achievements.

Starting with Dr. James P. Allison and Dr. Tasuko Honjo who formed a linkage between immunotherapy and cancer treatment. They showed how immune cells can fight cancerous cells by targeting T-cells and blocking their checkpoint. They were awarded coveted Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology.

Age-related macular degeneration is the common cause of blindness in the UK which can be cured by placing a patch at the back of the eye to restore damaged part of the retina. Two British doctors invented this patch and received a Nobel award for this.

Dr. Donna Strickland received a Nobel prize in physics and conquered the third position. Arthur Ashkin and Gerard Mourou were Donna’s companions in the development of Chirped Pulse Amplification (CPA). It’s a laser technique. Along with this, Ashkin invented another technique that can trap atoms or particles between two beans of light. That technique is called Optical Tweezer.

In the field of chemistry, Frances Arnold and George P. Smith received a Nobel prize for producing new chemical compounds using the principle of evolution. Their work was helpful in fighting cancer and environmental pollution stress.

Antarctica is a land with sub-zero temperature all the time. The chilled environment does not support any kind of agricultural growth so shipment is required. Paul Zabel a German scientist solved this problem and made an artificial greenhouse that could support harvesting. This greenhouse is constructed in a climate-controlled shipping container. There is an abundance of nutrients rich mist and LED lights which make the growth possible in good conditions.

Further, in 2018 it has been discovered that how hazardous substances can be identified even when they are at a distance of arm’s length.