Childhood Cancer And Treatments

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The number of cases of childhood cancer has increased dramatically over the past 30 years. During the earlier three decades, most of the children died because of not getting the effective and required treatment. These days, around three-quarter children, survive with the problem. However, the overall survival rate depends on the variation between the diverse sorts of cancer.

Each cancer type has unique symptoms, signs, outcomes, and treatments. And, the type of treatment that children with cancer get depends on the type of cancer and how advanced it is. So, oncologists first identify the type of cell involved in cancer and its growth. Depending upon such sorts of things, oncologists make a treatment plan for a particular child. Maximum cases of cancer are found among the children of 1 year to 14 years. Among those, there are certain general types of cancer diagnosed in children. Such as:

  • Central Nervous System Tumors
  • Lymphomas
  • Leukemias
  • Brain tumor

While talking about the treatment of childhood cancer, these may include chemotherapy, surgery, radiation and bone marrow transplant. Oncologists may use two or more treatments together for diagnosing cancer in a child. In addition to the type of cancer, they may also consider other important things like the age of the child and how severe the particular cancer is.

Below, let’s have a look at the types of cancer treatments:

Surgery

For children with solid tumors, surgery is considered an effective treatment to remove cancer. This particular treatment is basically given in combination with radiation and chemotherapy.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy includes medicine that eliminates the growth of cancer cells in the children. Chemo medications can be consumed orally or intravenously. There are certain type sorts of chemotherapy that are inserted directly into the spinal fluid. This particular treatment works to kill the cancer cells throughout the human body. The treatment may also have long-term or short-term issues such as anemia, kidney damage, nausea, menstrual problems, vomiting etc.

Radiation

For all types of tumors, radiation is the universal treatment. During this cancer treatment, a stream of high energy radiations or waves is passed through the children’s body and cancer cells get destroyed. Most of the childhood cancers are treated with radiation therapy, but it also involves some side effects like infertility and risk of future cancer.

Bone Marrow Transplants

Kids with cancer may also get bone marrow transplants. The children with tumors that have completely affected the operation of blood cells, with the help of bone marrow transplant, they can have a healthy growth of blood cells again.

These are the different types of childhood cancers and their treatments!

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