Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the cells lining the cervix which is the lower part of the uterus. It occurs when there is an abnormal growth of the cervix cells.
Types of cervical cancer
- Squamous cell carcinomas – This type of cancer occurs in the squamous cells, thin flat cells, lining the outer part of the cervix.
- Adenocarcinomas – This condition occurs in the column-shaped glandular cells that line the cervical line.
- Mixed carcinomas – This condition occurs in both types of cells, squamous cells and glandular cells.
Symptoms of cervical cancer
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
- Pelvic pain
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
Risk factors of Cervical Cancer
- Early sexual activity
- Weak immune system
- Sexually Transmitted Infections
Cervical cancer treatment options
There are various treatment options to cure cervical cancer. Depending on your condition, your doctor will recommend the most suitable treatment option.
Chemotherapy – In this therapy, medications are injected into the vein in order to kill cancer cells.
Radiation – High powered energy beams such as X-rays or protons are used to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy can be given externally or internally, depending upon your condition.
Surgery – Depending on the cause and severity of the condition, the doctor may suggest surgery. Cryosurgery, laser surgery, simple (total) hysterectomy and conization are some of the surgical options suggested by the doctor.