Blood Cancer - Types and Treatments
Blood cancer is a condition that begins with the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that further prevents the blood cells from carrying out their normal functions like, clotting and fighting infections.
Types of Blood Cancer
There are 3 types of blood cancers namely:
Leukemia – is a type of blood cancer which affects the white blood cells and bone marrow. This condition occurs when there is an abnormal increase in the WBC’s.
Lymphoma – affects the lymphatic system which is responsible for the production and transportation of the WBC’s around the body. It can also affect the other body parts such as the spleen, blood cells, and bone marrow.
Myeloma – is a type of cancer which prevents the production of antibodies that leads to the weakening of the immune system; hence making the body prone to infections as well as other diseases.
Symptoms of Blood Cancer
Some of the common blood cancer symptoms include:
- Fever or chills
- Bone pain
- Night sweats
- Sudden weight loss
- Fatigue and weakness
- Breath Shortness
- Swollen lymph nodes
Blood cancer treatment and therapy options
Blood cancer treatment depends upon the type of cancer, patient’s age, severity, and many other factors.
Some of the blood cancer treatment includes:
Radiation therapy is used to destroy cancer cells through high energy X-rays. This therapy is conducted before the stem cell transplant,
Stem Cell Transplantation
In stem cell transplantation, stems cells are collected from the bone marrow, peripheral blood, and umbilical cord blood. They inculcate the healthy blood-forming stem cells into the body.
Chemotherapy includes the use of anticancer drugs which are given to destroy the cancer cells. It might also be given before stem cell transplantation.
Is blood cancer curable?
Blood cancer is curable, however, there are various factors that are considered such as the stage of cancer, type of blood cancer, patient’s age and most importantly how aggressively the cancer is spreading.